International Debt Collection – Poland. Are your invoices too old to claim?

Debt Collection Poland

Population (millions) – 38

GDP (PPP) – 813,988 Billion

Currency – ZLOTY

Any company dealing with International Debt Collection should know and understand limitation periods for all countries they deal with.  These determine if the debtor will actually pay your invoices and has a legal obligation to do so.   First Collect International are Global Debt Collection specialists and our short informative country guides will let you gain some insight into some very important factors that could be the difference between getting paid or writing off your debt.

Poland – Limitation Periods

The limitation periods depend on the type of claim being pursued and are:


•             2 years for commercial sale related claims

•             3 years for other commercial claims,

•             3 years for temporary benefits related claims,

•             10 years for other claims.


These periods are subject to specific circumstances and we suggest that you take advice on this issue. The limitation period runs from the time that the claim becomes due. Statutory limitation periods cannot be modified by agreement.

Commencing a Claim

Debt Collection & Legal System Explained

An Overview of Commercial Litigation in Poland

The Polish legal system is based on civil, rather than common, law and uses a codified system of laws. As Poland joined the European Union on 1 May 2004, there is almost the full harmonisation of Polish laws with EU standards.

The fundamental legitimacy of the court system is enshrined in the Constitution which provides for the judiciary as a separate power. Judges are independent and subject only to the Constitution and statutes. They must not belong to a political party, a trade union, or perform public activities which may compromise the principles of independence of the courts and judges.

The National Council of the Judiciary safeguards the independence of courts and judges.

It is our view that the legal risk in Poland is low although there are some aspects of the court system that may be unfamiliar to common law lawyers, and the time frame for a successful conclusion of a claim may be different than in other countries.

The Court System

The court system comprises the Supreme Court, the common courts, the administrative courts, and the military courts. The common courts deals with criminal, employment, insolvency, and civil matters, and include the district courts and regional courts, as well as the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court.

In general, the district court acts as the court of first instance, and the circuit courts as a court of second instance, as well as hearing cases of a certain value (details below). The courts are divided into different divisions to deal with specific areas, for example, employment, commercial etc………..

Our Global Debt Collection team have local collectors in Poland who deal with the whole process of Pre Judicial Collections and litigation should the need arise.


For the full article please contact:


Neil Perkins

First Collect International Ltd

34-36 High Road

South Woodford


E18 2TX

United Kingdom

+44 208 532 9637